The relation between education and economic development is well documented in literature. Investment in education is essential for the future and betterment of the present generation. It is sad and unfortunate that the successive governments, bureaucrats, and politicians have never given due attention to this subject. The budget for education in the country has never exceeded 2% of GNP. The irony is that even this meager amount has never actually been spent on education. Often it has been diverted towards other sectors like defence. As a result the literacy ratio is around 36% in Pakistan and even less in Balochistan.
In khanozai all government primary, middle and high schools teach in Urdu. Only one private middle school teaches in English. There is no technical school, polytechnic institute or cadet college in khanozai. There are no specific courses in English, computer science or driving.
Gender specific data on literacy rates are available for the proper khanozai village is more then 98% which is really unexpected, examining above reason it is just because of Abdul Ali Akhuzadah which is founder of khanozai. It is interesting to note that in Pishin district Khanozai is a unique area, in the sense that due to a higher literacy rate, the role of women in its social organisation has changed considerably in this area. They are playing a significant role in social development. What is more important is that the spread effect has also penetrated into adjacent villages. The advancement in female education in this area is the outcome of a tribal chief’s Abdul Ali Akhuzadah and his daughters’ efforts.
.There is no university in the district, However, higher education in the college at graduate level is affiliated with the University of Balochistan.
Government School System
Formal schooling in Pakistan is organized in a three stage system of primary, middle and upper secondary or high school, and runs for a total period of 10 years. Primary education comprises six grades, from kachi (kindergarten) to 5th grade. The age of entry into the system is variable, ranging from age four to age eight. On successful completion of all six grades, pupils are awarded the primary certificate. They are eligible now to enter middle school which runs for three years from grade 6 to 8. This is followed by 2 years of upper secondary or high school (grades 9 to 10) ending in matriculation (matric). The district education officers, one male and one female, are in charge of all the government schools for boys and girls respectively. Every school has a headmaster or headmistress and teachers teaching different subjects.
The school system in the khanozai works on the same pattern as in the whole province of Balochistan. Broadly the school system can be broken down into three types of schools: primary, middle and high schools. The high school system is further, bifurcated into high school and model high school. For all levels there are separate schools for boys and girls. The costs of primary school is borne by government in the case of government run schools. They have a uniform curriculum and examination system.
Middle schools comprise of eight classes, with primary sections included In each middle school there is a head master or head mistress, a secondary school teacher, a junior English teacher, a junior Arabic teacher, a drawing master, a physical training instructor, a mualimul – Quran and a junior vernacular teacher.
High schools comprise up to 10 classes with primary and middle classes included, humanities and science are taught in these schools. The staff for each school consists of one head master or head mistress, a secondary school teacher (general science), a senior Arabic teacher, a junior English teacher, a junior Arabic teacher, a drawing master, a physical training instructor, a mualimul- Quran and a junior vernacular teacher. The examining body for high school students is the Balochistan Board of intermediate and secondary education in Quetta.
There are one degree college in khanozai. These college are boys colleges. To fulfil the demand of girls candidates and to save the cost of building and furniture, government has decided to use girls’ high school buildings in the evening time as girls’ colleges, but now there is one girls collage in khanozai. Like secondary school, examination are held under the authority of Balochistan.
Intermediate and Secondary Education in Quetta, except for examination
of graduate classes, which comes under the authority of Balochistan
At the district level, the District Education Officer is the highest
authority in school administration. Under him come the Deputy District
Education Officers, then the Sub-Divisional Education Officers and then
the Assistant District Education Officers, who have closest contact
with the (head) teachers.